hawaii ethnic population

Retrieved December 9, 2020. [citation needed]. Chinese workers on Western trading ships settled in Hawaii starting in 1789. The United Nations' Special Committee on Decolonization later removed Hawaiʻi from its list of non-self-governing territories. [123] Including those with partial ancestry, Samoan Americans constitute 2.8% of Hawaii's population, and Tongan Americans constitute 0.6%. According to the 2010 Census, the population in Hawaii is 1,360,301. The newest volcano, Lōʻihi Seamount, is located south of the coast of Hawaiʻi Island. The number of same-sex couple households in 2010 was 3,239; a 35.5% increase of figures from a decade earlier. Cook abducted the King of Hawaiʻi Island, Kalaniʻōpuʻu, and held him for ransom aboard his ship in order to gain return of Cook's boat, as this tactic had previously worked in Tahiti and other islands. It is associated with the Hawaiian religion, which was officially suppressed in the 19th century but was kept alive by some practitioners to the modern day. Hawaii has the only school system within the U.S. that is unified statewide. It is the only U.S. state that is not geographically located in North America, the only state completely surrounded by water and that is entirely an archipelago, and the only state in which coffee is commercially cultivable. Cook's second lieutenant and co-astronomer James King observed that "all the chiefs had them", and recounts that Cook was actually asked by one chief to leave King behind, considering the role a great honor. More than any other state, Hawaii stands out when it comes to its racial and ethnic diversity. The Ethnic Composition Of The Population Of Florida, Yakutsk, Russia – The World’s Coldest City, 10 Of The Most Notorious Serial Killers In The World. state. Thirteen miles (21 km) of track remain; preservationists occasionally run trains over a portion of this line. Two waves of Korean immigration to Hawaiʻi occurred in the 20th century. As of 2021[update], all four seats are held by Democrats. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 30,068; migration within the country produced a net loss of 13,112 people. Mount Waiʻaleʻale on Kauaʻi has the second-highest average annual rainfall on Earth, about 460 inches (12,000 mm) per year. Asians had made up the most significant ethnic majority in the state since 2000 when they made up 41.6% of the population. McKinley was open to persuasion by U.S. expansionists and by annexationists from Hawaiʻi. It is the only state where people who identify as Asian Americans are the largest ethnic group. [130][131], Almost 13,000 Portuguese migrants had arrived by 1899; they also worked on the sugarcane plantations. Data for July 1st of each year are available for total population; demographic components of change such as births, deaths, net migration; and characteristics such as age, sex, race (5 major race groups) and Hispanic origin. “We helped build the block. [citation needed]. [184][185] Critics of the Jones Act contend that Hawaii consumers ultimately bear the expense of transporting goods imposed by the Jones Act.[186]. Most of Hawaii's Caucasian population is descended from the Germans who account for 7.4% of the total. Later, state programs promoted Hawaiian culture.[which?] Plantation owners and capitalists, who maintained control through financial institutions such as the Big Five, found territorial status convenient because they remained able to import cheap, foreign labor. Most of the Asians in Hawaii, nearly 14% of the state's total population, trace their origins to the Philippines. The resolution apologized and said that the overthrow was illegal in the following phrase: "The Congress—on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the illegal overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi on January 17, 1893, acknowledges the historical significance of this event which resulted in the suppression of the inherent sovereignty of the Native Hawaiian people. The average annual growth rate was 0.5%. Kai Kahele represents the 2nd congressional district, representing the rest of the state, which is largely rural and semi-rural. [citation needed] This later immigration is detailed in Hawaiian mythology (moʻolelo) about Paʻao. Hawaii has the highest racial minority population of any state in the union — 75 percent, according to U.S. census figures. 38,547 The governor is the only state public official elected statewide; all others are appointed by the governor. [195][196], As of 2009[update], Hawaii's health care system insures 92% of residents. 8.9%. The Hawaiian people have inhabited the islands for centuries and have retained much of their traditional musical knowledge. The literature of Hawaii is diverse and includes authors Kiana Davenport, Lois-Ann Yamanaka, and Kaui Hart Hemmings. The study by Maarit Tiirikainen and Hawaiʻi-based genomics company LifeDNA, Inc. will initially focus on the multi-ethnic population of Hawaiʻi and genetic variants of the ACE2 gene as they relate to infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes COVID-19. Traditional Hawaiian folk music is a major part of the state's musical heritage. [202] According to Alia Wong of Honolulu Civil Beat, this is due to private schools being relatively inexpensive compared to ones on the mainland as well as the overall reputations of private schools.[203]. The date of the human discovery and habitation of the Hawaiian Islands is the subject of academic debate. The indigenous Hawaiian population succumbed to foreign diseases, declining from 300,000 in the 1770s, to 60,000 in the 1850s, to 24,000 in 1920. But watch out, Hawaii County, because Kauai County with 71,769 people and Maui County with 165,979 people are right behind you. Notable professional teams include The Hawaiians, which played at the World Football League in 1974 and 1975; the Hawaii Islanders, a Triple-A minor league baseball team that played at the Pacific Coast League from 1961 to 1987; and Team Hawaii, a North American Soccer League team that played in 1977. [165], The history of Hawaii's economy can be traced through a succession of dominant industries: sandalwood,[166] whaling,[167] sugarcane, pineapple, the military, tourism and education. As the 1887 Constitution was signed under threat of violence, it is known as the Bayonet Constitution. Now the state capital, Honolulu is located along the southeast coast of Oʻahu. The sale price of single family homes in Hawaii was the highest of any U.S. city in 2010, just above that of the Silicon Valley area of California (US$602,000).[183]. The Eastern Orthodox community is centered around the Saints Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Pacific. Cook's arrival generated a lot of interest among Europeans on the island. Their mythologies in particular demonstrate local reworkings of commonly shared tales. The music of Hawaii includes traditional and popular styles, ranging from native Hawaiian folk music to modern rock and hip hop. The pro-federal recognition Akaka Bill drew substantial opposition among Hawaiian residents in the 2000s. [126], The third group of foreigners to arrive in Hawaii were from China. Other areas under the control of the National Park Service include Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail on Hawaiʻi Island and the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor on Oʻahu. Hawaii’s abundance of multiracial people with Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander heritage differs from the makeup of the nation’s overall multiracial population (including adults and children). ", "Hiram Fong Dies; One of First Hawaiian Senators", "Asian Writer Ponders First Asian President Too", "Hawaiian Kingdom—David Keanu Sai v. Barack Obama, et al", "Kamakakuokalani Center for Hawaiian Studies", "Hawaiians Weigh Options as Native-Status Bill Stalls", "Ka Lahui Hawaiʻi: Akaka Bill Has Plenty of Vocal Opposition", "Towards Hawaiian Independence: Native Americans warn Native Hawaiians of the dangers of Federal Recognition", "The Rape of Paradise: The Second Century Hawaiʻians Grope Toward Sovereignty As The U.S. President Apologizes", "As Feds Hold Hearings, Native Hawaiians Press Sovereignty Claims", "International exchange activated with globalization", "広島県・ハワイ州友好提携20周年記念(展示会) 広島から世界へ―移住の歴史と日系人の暮らし― を開催しました。", "Hokkaido Sister City and Affiliated Regions Round Table Meeting", "The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii", "Spaniards and the Sweet Potato in Hawaii and Hawaiian-American Contacts", Hawaii State Guide from the Library of Congress, USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Hawaii, Documents relating to Hawaii Statehood, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Rare Book and Special Collections Division at the Library of Congress, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hawaii&oldid=1002580411#Demographics, States and territories established in 1959, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles containing Hawaiian-language text, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Cook Islands Māori-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles with disputed statements from May 2018, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2017, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from December 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Articles needing additional references from May 2015, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2021, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 108 (5): 1815–1820. Hawaii population is 1,392,704 in 2010-2014, which increased 14.95% since 2000. The state went from a delegation consisting of senators who were first and twenty-first in seniority[g] to their respective replacements, relative newcomers Schatz and Hirono.[219]. Hawaii - Hawaii - Climate: Hawaii lies just below the Tropic of Cancer, and its mild tropical climate is considered by many people to be the world’s ideal. The number of native Hawaiians increases at a rate of about 6000 people per year, and at a higher rate than any other ethnic group in Hawaii, but have less than 50 percent pure Hawaiian blood. The new majority voted for the Democratic Party of Hawaiʻi, which dominated territorial and state politics for more than 40 years. [56], Climates vary considerably on each island; they can be divided into windward and leeward (koʻolau and kona, respectively) areas based upon location relative to the higher mountains. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, there were 1,360,301 people living in Hawaii. Race and Ethnicity by Place in Hawaii There are 151 places in Hawaii. [88][84], After William McKinley won the 1896 U.S. presidential election, advocates pressed to annex the Republic of Hawaiʻi. The main line was officially abandoned in 1947, although part of it was bought by the U.S. Navy and operated until 1970. The previous president, Grover Cleveland, was a friend of Queen Liliʻuokalani. The ancient communities that lived in Hawaii had a complex social structure as most of them were ruled by chiefs, and the society was divided into castes. Hawaii is the 50th and the most recent constituent state of the United States having been admitted in August 1959. Hawaii has the highest racial minority population of any state in the union — 75 percent, according to U.S. census figures. By the year 2010, only 156,000 people revealed themselves to be Native Hawaiian and around an extra 371,000 people consider themselves to have Native Hawaiian heritage in mix with a different race. While the Jones Act does not affect transportation of goods to Hawaii directly from Asia, this type of trade is nonetheless not common; this is a result of other primarily economic reasons including additional costs associated with stopping over in Hawaii (e.g. There are eight main Hawaiian islands, seven of which are permanently inhabited. This section compares the 50 most populous of those to each other, Hawaii, and other entities that contain or substantially overlap with Hawaii. About 11% of Hawaii residents claim Hispanic heritage, a number that’s expected to grow. Every county supported the Democratic candidate. Hawaii's population grew by 12.3 percent between 2000 and 2010. [24] The title of the state constitution is The Constitution of the State of Hawaii. The progress of diffusion is still ongoing, with the ten years of the Second Uchinanchu Movement that started in 1980 showing the fastest signs of diffusion. (X) Not applicable 1 Other Asian alone, or two or more Asian categories. British explorer James Cook was the first known non-Polynesian to discover the archipelago in 1778; early British influence is reflected in the design of the state flag. Hawaii is a majority-minority state. [214], The OR&L was important for moving troops and goods during World War II. Hawaii is a 10,931 square mile state with a population of about 1,427,538 people according to 2017 estimates by the US Census Bureau. [58] Some archaeologists and historians think it was a later wave of immigrants from Tahiti around AD 1000 who introduced a new line of high chiefs, the kapu system, the practice of human sacrifice, and the building of heiau. [168] Hawaiian exports include food and clothing. At their height in 1920, they constituted 43% of Hawaii's population. Many more, however, elected to raise families here to provide their children better educational opportunities than they could in their homeland. [38], Hawaiʻi's tallest mountain Mauna Kea is 13,796 ft (4,205 m) above mean sea level;[39] it is taller than Mount Everest if measured from the base of the mountain, which lies on the floor of the Pacific Ocean and rises about 33,500 feet (10,200 m).[40]. [59], The 1778 arrival of British explorer Captain James Cook marked the first documented contact by a European explorer with Hawaiʻi. Historically dominated by a plantation economy, Hawaii remains a major agricultural exporter due to its fertile soil and uniquely tropical climate in the U.S. Its economy has gradually diversified since the mid 20th century, with tourism and military defense becoming the two largest sectors. The best known were Father Damien and Mother Marianne Cope, both of whom were canonized in the early 21st century as Roman Catholic saints. [136] It is closely related to other Polynesian languages, such as Marquesan, Tahitian, Māori, Rapa Nui (the language of Easter Island), and less closely to Samoan and Tongan. Asians had made up the most significant ethnic majority in the state since 2000 when they made up 41.6% of the population. The previous capital was Lahaina, Maui, and before that Kailua-Kona, Hawaiʻi. The lieutenant governor acts as the Secretary of State. Honolulu International Airport (IATA: HNL), which shares runways with the adjacent Hickam Field (IATA: HIK), is the major commercial aviation hub of Hawaii. The Apology Resolution passed by US Congress in 1993 is cited as a major impetus by the movement for Hawaiian sovereignty. These airlines also provide air freight services between the islands. Schamel, Wynell and Charles E. Schamel. Despite the opposition of most native Hawaiians,[90] the Newlands Resolution was used to annex the Republic to the U.S.; it became the Territory of Hawaiʻi. The executive branch is led by the Governor of Hawaii, who is assisted by the Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, both of whom are elected on the same ticket. On June 27, 1959, a referendum asked residents of Hawaiʻi to vote on the statehood bill; 94.3% voted in favor of statehood and 5.7% opposed it. [citation needed], Hawaiʻi is one of two states that were widely recognized independent nations prior to joining the United States. In the U.S., the multiracial population is more evenly spread among biracial white and black (22%), white and Asian (18%) and white and American Indian (16%). Most of Hawaii experiences only two seasons; the dry season runs from May to October and the wet season is from October to April. For example, "aunty" and "uncle" may either refer to any adult who is a friend or be used to show respect to an elder. [dubious – discuss] A second wave of migration from Raiatea and Bora Bora took place in the 11th century. About 82.2% of the state's residents were born in the United States. On a single island, the climate around the coasts can range from dry tropical (less than 20 inches or 510 millimeters annual rainfall) to wet tropical; on the slopes, environments range from tropical rainforest (more than 200 inches or 5,100 millimeters per year), through a temperate climate, to alpine conditions with a cold, dry climate. The largest ethnic groups include Japanese (20%), Filipinos (13%), Chinese (10%), Koreans (4%), Vietnamese (2%) and Asian Indians (0.3%). Heavy regulation of insurance companies helps reduce the cost to employers. On January 14, 1893, a group of mostly Euro-American business leaders and residents formed the Committee of Safety to stage a coup d'état against the kingdom and seek annexation by the United States. Variant of a handful of U.S. Marines, not percentages and Punahou school and... 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